Dry eye syndrome is a common condition where your eyes don't produce enough tears or the tears evaporate too quickly, leading to a lack of sufficient moisture and lubrication on the surface of the eye. It can also occur when the composition of the tears is not balanced, leading to an inadequate quality of tears.
Common symptoms of dry eye syndrome include dryness, burning, stinging, itching, redness, and a gritty or foreign body sensation in the eye. In severe cases, it can also cause blurred vision and sensitivity to light.
There are several causes of dry eye syndrome, including aging, hormonal changes, certain medications, environmental factors such as dry air and wind, and underlying medical conditions such as autoimmune disorders and diabetes.
Treatment options for dry eye syndrome may include using artificial tears or lubricating eye drops, medications to reduce inflammation, and lifestyle changes such as taking breaks from digital screens, wearing sunglasses outdoors, and using a humidifier indoors.